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ატომი

by თამუნა ჯოჯუა — last modified 2011-01-09 01:38 Share
You are viewing old version from 16.12.2008 21:34:46.

გაკვეთილის თემა:

atomi

swavlebis safexuri: integrirebuli sagnebi

sabazo safexuri

qimia, fizika

moswavleTa profili

25 moswavle

Aaqtivobis miznebi da misaRwevi Sedegebi:

gakveTilis bolos moswavleebi SeZleben aRweron

  • Aatomis aRnagoba
  • Eeleqtronebis, protonebis, neitronebis roli atomSi
  • atomebis da ionebis gansxvaveba

TanamSromlobiTi unar-Cvevebis Caoyalibeba, SeZenili informaciis warmodgenis, swrafi azrovnebis, vebgverdebTan muSaobis unar-Cvevebis ganviTareba.

Eerovnuli saswavlo gegmiT gansazRvruli misaRwevi Sedegis indikatorebi:

Bbun. VIII.12

  • Mmoswavle nivTierebaTa Tvisebebs ukavSirebs atomis eleqtrul aRnagobas da qimiuri bmis xasiaTs.
  • adgens sqemas da adarebs erTmaneTs elementis atomsa da ions, msjelobs maT Soris Tvisebriv gansxvavebaze da moyavs magaliTebi.

Tanmimdevroba: aqtivoba nabij-nabij

A     aqtivoba I

Ggonebrivi ieriSi (5 wT )

gakveTili iwyeba moswavleebisadmi mimarTviT (vaCveneb pepsi-kolas aluminis qilas) marTalia ucnaur xmebs gamoscems, magram sakravi ar aris albaT sainteresoa ratom movitane gakveTilze. es qila sxeulia Tu nivTiereba? (gavaxsenebT ra aris sxeuli, nivTiereba da risgan Sedgeba igi). GgaqvT Tu ara survili CaixedoT mis siRrmeSi?  vaCvenebT internetidan vebgverds  www.strangematterexhibit.com/structure.html sadac moTavsebulia video kadri qilis umcires nawilakamde (atomamde) Casvla.

  Mmoswavleebi akeTeben komentars nanaxis Sesaxeb.

 

M

A

aqtivoba II   (10 wT)

Mmoswavleebs mivmarTavT kiTxviT: gavixsenoT ra viciT atomis aRnagobis Sesaxeb? Ddafaze CamovwerT yvela SesaZlo variants

  • nivTierebis umciresi nawilaki
  • qimiuri reaqciebis dros atomi ar icvleba
  • Sedis molekulebis SedgenilobaSi da a.S

proeqtiT vaCvenebT (danarTi #1 ) Tan vakeTebT komentars rogor viTardeboda warmodgenebi atomis arnagobis Sesaxeb

  atomis cneba pirvelad Cvens welT aRricxvamde levkiposma da misma mowafem demokritem Semoitana. maT atomi umartives ganuofel nawilakad miaCndaT. Aatomis rTuli agebuleba mxolod XXs- is dasawyisSi Catarebuli cdebis safuZvelze dadginda.

 Bbevri mecnieri cdilobda misi agebulebis gagebas

Ddaltoni – Tlida xis burTulebs da Tavis studentebs aCvenebda modelebad

tomsoni – erT-erTi pirveli, romelmac atomis rTuli aRnagoba SemogvTavaza. Mman SemogvTavaza modeli `qiSmiSebiani pudingi” -  sfero dadebiTadaa damuxtuli da masSi Cawinwklulia eleqtronebi.

rezerfordi - Caatara cda, romlis safuZvelze daadgina, rom dadebiTi muxti sferoSi ki araa gabneuli aramed lokalizebulia birTvSi. igi atoms mzis sistemas adarebda `mze atomis birTvia, planetebi ki eleqtronebi”

bori – atombirTvis garSemo eleqtronebi mudmivi energiis orbitalze moZraoben.

Tanamedrove modeli – atomi aris qimiurad ganuyofeli, eleqtroneitraluri nawilaki, romelic Sedgeba dadebiTad damuxtuli atombirTvisagan da mis irgvliv moZravi eleqtronebisagan (e). atomis birTvi TavisTavad Sedgeba protonebisa (p+) da neitronebisagan (n0 ). birTvs – nuklids uwodeben, p da n ki nuklonebs

 

aqtivoba III (5 wT)

vaCvenevT cxrils (danarTi # 2)

ganvixilavT saxelmZRvanelodan savarjiSo 1 – s

 atombirTvi atomis moculobis umniSvneli nawils ikavebs misi diametri asi aTasjer naklebia atomisaze. Aamis miuxedavad atomis mTeli masa mis birTvSia Tavmoyrili.

 ra SiZleba iyos amis mizezi?

 D(daskvnas cxrilis mixedviT akeTeben)

 

Aaqtivoba IV (5 wT)

atomi eleqtrulad neiraluria, eTanxmebiT Tu ara mosazrebas, rom ramdeni protonic aris birTvSi, imdenive eleqtroni imoZravebs mis garSemo? (cxrilis mixedviT danarTi #2)

  eleqtroni uaryofiTad damuxtuli nawilakia, romelic didi siCqariT moZraobs atombirTvis garSemo da SeiZleba sivrcis sxvadasxva wertilSi aRmoCndes, magram ZiriTadad orbitalze moZraobs. Oorbitali aris sivrcis is nawili, sadac maqsimaluiria eleqtronis arseboba.

kiTxva: 1) ra moxdeba Tu e Sewyvets moZraobas? 2) Tu atomma dakarga e maSin ras miviRebT?

 Mmoswavleebi gamoTqvamen TavianT mosazrebebs , TiToeulze msjeloben da  aanalizeben.

 

 

Aaqtivoba V

fizikasTan integrireba (7 wT)  (danarTi #3)

atomi qimiurad ganuyofeli nawilakia, Tumca igi SeiZleba daiSalos. Pprotonebi da neitronebi atombirTvuli ZaliT ukavSirdebian erTmaneTs, TiTqos dadebiT muxtebs erTmaneTi unda ganezidaT, magram sakmaod mtkiced arian SekavSirebuli erTmaneTTan, miuxedavad yvelafrisa gansakuTrebul pirobebSi atomis birTvis gaxleCa mainc mimdinareobs, rasac Tan axlavs bmebis daSla da didi energies gamoyofa. birTvebis daxleCa mimdinareobs mzeze, xolo xelovnurad_birTvul reaqtorebSi.

40wT-Si mzis mier gamosxivebuli energia udris 1wlis ganmavlobaSi 170mln energo sadguris mier gamomuSavebul energias. dResdReobiT mzis energias iyeneben (akumulatori, majis saaTi. . .)

   1981wels lamanSs gadaufrina mzis energiaze momuSave TviTmfrinavma ,,mzis Celenjerma”, romelsac frTebze damagrebuli qonda mzis elementebi el.energiis uzrunvelsayofad.

 

 

Aaqtivoba  VI (7wT)

(internetTan muSaoba)

maswavlebeli aZlevs davalebas wyvilebSi : moiZieT informacia internetis gamoyenebiT atomebze, protonebze, neitronebze, eleqtronebze.(www,google.ge)   (winaswar darigebuli aqvT moswavleebs webovani feradi furclebi) Ddafaze gakrulia TvalsaCinoeba atomis aRnagoba, da  moZiebul informacias  atomis, protonis, neitronis, eleqtronis,  Sesaxeb furclis ferebis mixedviT weren da akroben TvalsaCinoebas Sesaferis adgilebze.

moswavleebi akeTeben prezentacias.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

         

 

         Sefaseba:

Aaqtivoba  VII (1wT)

(saSinao davaleba)   (danarTi #4)

 

 

$5.1 warmodgenebi atomis aRnagobis Sesaxeb.

 

1.            daaxasiaTeT atomis Ffundamenturi nawilakebi da dawereT Tema: ,,me vxedav atoms”.

 

Aaqtivoba  VIII (5wT)

 

(gakveTilis Sejameba)  (danarTi #5)

 

 

Amoswavleebi avseben rubrikas: ra vicodi, ra gavige, ra momewona, gaugebaria.

 

 

axali masalis axsnisas mimdinareobs maswavleblis dakvirveba moswavleTa CarTulobaze. sagakveTilo procesSi maswavlebeli   iyenebs ganmaviTarebel Sefasebas (komentari) saswavlo Sedegs maswavlebeli amowmebs gakveTilis bolos rubrikiT: ra vicodi, ra gavige, ra momewona, gaugebaria.

 

 

 

 

  saklaso menejmenti

 teqnika da instrumentebi:

 

 

 internetSi CarTuli 26 kompiuteri,  proeqtori, plakati (atomis aRnagoba), xelnakeTi TvalsaCinoeba (atomis aRnagoba), feradi webovani ffurclebi, aluminis qila, dafa.

 

informaciis wyaroebi:

erovnuli gegma,

lia TevzaZe  (qimia VIIIkl. saxelmZRvanelo)

interneti: www. Wikipedia.org

                    www. Usborne-quicklinks.com

                       www.strangematterexhibit.com/structure.html

                    www.google.ru   (suraTebi)

 


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